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Adjective Clauses & Tenses

ᒍ ⥌ഥĴ⟓ᛠƑƝ ⱱ ⥌Ɲ〟 (El adjektefen ve aanen)

Adjective Clauses

Бર ⥌ƆM (Ber Adam) - a man

Ḷ ⥌ƆM (Bu adam) - this man

The articles donot used with number adjectives and indefinite articles. Without that the articles has to used front of the all names. 

৬ Эԋᛠ৬ર ⥌ƆM (Ya ehteyar adam) - Old man 

Adjective clauses front of the name : 

৬ Эԋᛠ৬ર ⥌ƆM (Ya ehteyar adam) - Old man

Adjective clauses end of the  name : The article is used front of the adjective and name and also “i” between adjective and nouns.

৬ ⥌ƆM..↾ Эԋᛠ৬ર (Ya adam-i Ehteyar) - The man who is old. 

As Double adjective usage : 

৬ Ꭷ’ƝᒍᎧ’ ⥌ƆM..↾ Эԋᛠ৬ર (Ya ünlü adam-i ehteyar) The famous man who is old. 

Tense

There are 5 tense and 8 mode in the Al Bakiyye language. 

 

Tense-Mode

To be

Adds

Rule

Example

English

Present simple

Ϣર - ჰŧ /ط 

MЭ⟓

Subject+tobe + verb+mek

ما Ϣર ≾ⱱMЭ⟓. 

(Men war sevmek)

I love

Present continuous

  •  

Subject + verb+riy

ما ≾ⱱཞ.

(Men seviir)

I love

Future tense

Ϣર -

⥌CĴ

Subject + tobe + verb+ecaj+personal pronoun

ما Ϣર ≾ⱱ⥌CĴما.

(Men war sevecej)

I will love

Present Perfect 

ϢᎧરƆ – ↾Ɔ /Ɔ 

Ɔ

Subject+ tobe + verbl+di+personal pronoun

ما ϢᎧરƆ ≾ⱱƆما. 

Men wurde sevdimen)

I have loved

Past tense

ϢOરƆ - M≾.

M≾.

Subject+ tobe + verb+mish+personal pronoun

ما ϢOરƆ ≾ⱱM≾.ما.

(Men worde sevmişmen)

I loved

Wish

-

β

Subject+ verb+sem

ما ≾ⱱβM.

(Men sevsem)

I wish I love

Request

 

I

Subject+ verb + ay

ما ≾ⱱI.

(Men Sevay)

let me love

Passive

Ϣર

〟 -  ᒍ

subject+ tobe+ verb+el+di+personal pronoun

≾ⱱᒍƆما

(sevildimen)

I am loved.

Condition

 

≾Э

Subject+ verb+personal pronoun+se

≾ⱱરما≾Э

(Severmenese)

If I love

Swiftness

-

↾ⱱર

Subject+ verb+ver

๛ ≾ⱱ↾ⱱર.

(Sin seviver)

Love me

Imperative

-

-

Verb

≾ⱱ! (Sev)

Love

Continued mode

Ϣર 

ᕴOમ

Subject+ tobe + verb+yor

ما Ϣર ≾ⱱᕴOમ.

(Men war seviyor.)

I love

Eternally mode

Ϣર/ჰŧ /ط 

Subject+ tobe+ing

ما Ϣર ≾ⱱ⥙.

(Men war seving)

I love you everytime

 

*We have to add “M⥌” (me, ma) before tense addition in negative sentences. 

For Example: My uncle came from londra yesterday. I am waiting him now. He has got a car. We will go to cinema together. 

ᛠ❞I〟৬ ᒍOƝഥમ'Ɔ〟ϢᎧરƆ Mየ ГᒍƆ⧽. ≾.Ꭷ⥌Ɲ ما Б⟓ᒍཞ ⧽Й. ⧽ じてḺ Бર રIḶ. Mᓬ ϢરƆ〟 Г@⥌CĴБᓬ ᓬᎧ ᒍӬ ⊲મᒍ↓.

(Tuneyyn ya londıyray’dan wurde emmim geldiol. Şuaan men bekliir olnu. Ol sayhap ber arayba. Miz werden getecejbiz zu la kalrayluk)


English: Adjective Clauses and Tenses
Deutsch: Adjektivsätze und Zeitformen
(24.08.2019)
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