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Modal Verbs - Passive Voice - Imperative Voice

MOഥᒍ〟, ЭƆᒍГ〟, Mર〟 (Modalen, Edelgen, Emeren)

Modal Verbs

The modal verbs in the Al Bakiyye are same to English and German. 

Modal Verbs

In English

Rules

ᓬO૪ + Mᒍ..↾ (Zol + Meli)

Must / Should

ᓬO૪ + main verb+Mᒍ..↾

⟓Ɲ -Э БᒍMЭ⟓ (Keyen -e bilmek)

Can, May, Might

⟓Ɲ + main verb+Э БᒍMЭ⟓

Ɔᒍર (diler)

Would, Want

Ɔᒍર + main verb

ഥ’ર❞Ɔ (Zorunda)

Have to

ഥ’ર❞Ɔ + main verb 

 

For Example: I have to go to work. 

ما ഥ’ર❞Ɔ Г@MЭ⟓  ᓬᎧ ᒍӬ ↓Ø. 

Reading: Men zorunda getmek zu la okkul.

Passive Voice

 

There are some types passive voice. 

  1. Spontaneously Passive: The glass is broken. 

  2. Subjective Passive: The glass is broken (by a person).

  3. Active Passive: The glass was broken (by another person). 

  4. Reflexive Passive: The glass has been broken (all glass are shattered).

  5. Doped Passive: The glass was broken by another person to another person. 

It can be made Passive in 3 types in Al Bakiyye language. 

  • Directly Addition: It can be added end of the verb “ᒍ - Ɲ”. 

    • ৬ CM ϢᎧરƆ て≾.@ᒍƆ (Ya Cam wurde hashataldiy) - The glass has been broken itself.

  • ᓬ≾. (Zesh) front addition + ᒍ - Ɲ end addition: 

    • ৬ CM ϢᎧરƆ ᓬ≾.て≾.@ᒍƆ (Ya Cam wurde zeshhashataldiy.) - The glass turned into pieces, shattered)

  • M⥌Ɲ - M⥌Ɲ↾ - M⥌Ɲ ᛠ Structure: With this form can make a passive sentence. 

    • Form: M⥌Ɲ / M⥌Ɲ↾ / M⥌Ɲᛠ + ToBe + Main verb + Addition + Tense.

    • Note: It always has to use 3. personal pronoun form in the tenses. Man can have adjectives and articles. 

 MAN Versions: 

Singular good person

a good female person or plural persons

Singular or plural bed persons.

M⥌Ɲ (Man)

M⥌Ɲ↾ (Mani)

M⥌Ɲᛠ (Manta)

 MAN Verb additions and Features: 

Attribute

Bakiyye 

Example

English

Remarks

Normal

O - Ȫ

৬ᓬO

It is written.

An object is written by a person.

Spontaneously 

Ӭ

৬ᓬӬ

It is written Spontaneously. 

It is written Spontaneously. 

Mediated

ᛠ❞

৬ᓬᛠ❞

It is printed

An object is printed by another object

Finally Mode

ჰŧ

৬ᓬჰŧ

It has been written.

The work is done, writing is done by a thing.

In case an object is made by another person by another person

Г + fiil ᛠ°

Г৬ᓬᛠ° (Geyazt)

It is printed to a person by another person.

Bir kişi, bir başkasına bir nesneyi yazdırtmaktadır.

the object is printed by one means to another by another.

Г + fiil + ᛠ@

Г৬ᓬᛠ@ (Geyaztet)

the object is printed by one means to another by another.

the object is printed by one means to another by another.

Continue situation

@

৬ᓬ@

It is continues to be written.

An object is continues to be written by itself or by a person.

 

For Example: 

En: This book was printed to us.

BK: Ḷ Бᛠ⟓ ϢᎧરƆ M⥌Ɲ БᓬЭ Г৬ᓬƆᛠ°.

Reading: Bu betik wurde man biyze geyazdith.

For Example Sentences: A new, big book by a well-known, well-mannered elderly person will be printed on another.

BK: Бર ৬Ɲ↾ Бᛠ⟓ᒍ⧽Ꭷ ϢરƆ ৬ Эԋᛠ৬ર..↾M⥌Ɲ Г৬ᓬ⥌CĴᛠ@. 

Reading: Ber yeniy betikelolu werde ya ehteyar-iy man geyazacajgtat.)

Imperative Voice

It is used infinitive verb and “!” end of the sentences.

Гᒍ! (Gel) - Come!

⥌ᒍ (Al) - Take it!

 

Positive imperative

Negative imperative

Wish imperative

Passive imperative

Гᒍ! (Gel) - Come

ГᒍM⥌! (Gelme) - dont come

ГᒍЭ! (Gele)

come please

ГᒍƝᒍЭ! (Gelenele)

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English: Modal Verbs - Passive Voice - Imperative Voice
Deutsch: Modalverben - Passive Stimme - Imperative Stimme
(24.08.2019)
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