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Sentences & ToBe

≾ȪᓬᒍM - IᒍЭⱱ ⱱ Б@ᒍM (sözlem - eylev ve betlem)

Main Sentences : ما Ϣર Гᒍ⥌CĴما  ᒍӬ ↓Ø∧ ๛ᒍ〟 ৬ર〟. 

(Men war gelecejmen lâ okkula sinlen yarın)

I will come to the school with you tomorrow.

Clause Sentences: ๛ Ϣર ≾ЭⱱMЭ⟓ ഥO≾ᛠ❞⥙ ≾Э, ⧽Mᒍ↾ ๛৬રƆMC ⧽∧.

(Sin war sevmek dostunng ese, olmali sin yardimci ola)

If you love your friend,  you have to help him. 

*You may not use TO Be in the clause sentences. 

ما ϢᎧરƆ Ḷ⧽Ɔما ᒍӬ ḺરIG Г@ર⟓〟 ما ৬ ↓Ø∧

(Men wurde buldimen lâ parayga geterkeyen men ya okkula.)

While I was going to school, I found a wallet.

Transpose Sentences: Örnek: ๛ᒍ〟ᒍӬ ↓Ø∧ ৬ર〟Ϣર Г@⥌CĴما.

(Sinlen la okkula yarın war getecejmen.)

I am going to go to school with you tomorrow. 

Notification Sentences: ৬ ᒍOƝഥમ ჰŧ ৬ ⥌웃⟓Ɲ. 

(Ya londıyray ist ya atayken)

London is a capital. 

Question Sentences: የ Ϣર ⧽ じてḺ Бર Ḷર⊲?

(Mu war ol sayhap ber barq?)

Has he got a house? 

If - Else Sentences: じてḺ ⧽રما≾Э ᒍӬ Ḻમ Бર Г❞, Ϣર ما Г@⥌CĴما ᓬᎧ ৬ Ḻཞ≾.

(Ef sayhap olarmenesse la baray ber gün, war men getecejmen zu ya payriyes)

If I have money, I will go to Paris. 

Note: Ƒ is used start of the sentences and ≾Э is used end of the sentences. 

Exercise: Instead of [“Ƒ ᒍ ⊲ ჰŧ てO≾.” (Ef el kal ist hosh) If the weather is nice. ], you can use this sentences; [“Ƒ ⊲ Ϣર ⧽M∧⊲ てO≾. k” (Ef war olmak hosh ky) ]

  • You have to use “ƆGᒍ” as TO BE in negative noun sentences. 

  • You have to use “M⥌” end of the main verb in negative verb sentences.

Rule: ƆGᒍ/ᕴ↓ + Verb+M⥌+Personal Pronoun.

 

TO BE

Positive

Negative (additional)

Question

Ϣર

Ϣર

ᕴ↓ (M⥌)

م

ჰŧ

ჰŧ

ƆGᒍ

م

⟓Ɲ

⟓Ɲ

ᕴ↓⟓Ɲ

م

 

Noun Sentences: Ḷ ƆGᒍ ᒍӬ Ḻમ. (Bu degel la paray) - That is not money.  

Verb Sentences: ما ᕴ↓ ⥌ᒍM⥌⥌CĴما Ḷ Ḻમ. (Men yok almaacajmen bu paray.) I will not take this money. 

TO BE

 

Present 

Past

Futur

Negative

Ϣર-Ϣર〟

ϢᎧરƆ, ϢOરƆ

ϢરƆ

ᕴ↓

ჰŧ

↾Ɔ /Ɔ

ჰŧ

ƆGᒍ

MЭ⟓ - M∧⟓

Ɔ, M≾.

⥌CĴ

M⥌

じてḺ

じてḺƆ

じてḺCĴ

ᕴ↓じてḺ 



 

Person

Ϣર

ჰŧ

ᕴ↓

ƆGᒍ

Present tense -

Singlar

Ϣર

ჰŧ

ᕴ↓

ƆGᒍ

Present tense -

Plural

Ϣર〟

ჰŧ

ᕴ↓

ƆGᒍ

Futur tense - Singular

ϢરƆ

-

ᕴ↓

ƆGᒍ

Futur tense - Plural

ϢરƆ〟

-

ᕴ↓

ƆGᒍ

Past tense - Singular

ϢᎧરƆ

↾Ɔ

Ɔ

ᕴ↓

ƆGᒍƆ

Past tense - Plural

ϢᎧરƆ〟

↾Ɔ〟

Ɔ〟

ᕴ↓

ƆGᒍƆ

Past II tense - Singular

ϢOરƆ

M≾.

M≾.

ᕴ↓

ƆGᒍM≾.

Past II tense - Plural

ϢOરƆ〟

M≾.〟

M≾.

ᕴ↓

ƆGᒍM≾.

 


English: Sentences & ToBe
Deutsch: Sätze & ToBe
(24.08.2019)
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